The aim of this research paper is to analyze the horseshoe arch within prayer hall of the Great Mosque of Cordoba and its origin, structure, and meaning.
De Montequin, Francios-Auguste. Islamic Studies, “Arches in the Architecture of Muslim Spain: Trilogy and Evolution” (Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Spring-Summer 1991), 67-82
Hillenbrand, Robert. Islamic Architecture: Form, Function, and Meaning, “The Mosque” (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994) 31-129
Roth, M. Leland. Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History, and Meaning, “The Arch” (Boulder: Westview Press, Ed. 2, 2006) 32-34
Ruggles, D. Fairchild. “Mothers of a Hybrid Dynasty: Race Genealogy, and Acculturation in al-Andalus,” (Champaign: Duke University Press Journals, winter 2004), 65-94
Scott, Parsons, Samuel. History of the Moorish Empire in Europe, “Moorish Art in Southern Europe: 786-1476” (Philadelphia: J.P. Lippincott Company, Vol. 3, March 1904), 585-594
Warren, John. Muqarnas, “Creswell’s Use of the Theory of Dating by the Acuteness of the Pointed Arches in Early Muslim Architecture” (Boston: Brill, Vol. 8, 1991), 59-65
I will examine the muqarnas in the Palace of the Lions in the Alhambra Palace Complex. It will detail the history of the use of muquarnas, including where they came from, the different types, and the materials used. It will discuss their possible symbolic representation, as well as defining their geometry and radial symmetry. Lastly, this paper will compare the use of muqarnas in the Alhambra to other examples in Al-Andalus.
Sources thus far:
Ayora-Cañada, Maria Jose, Ana Dominguez-Vidal, Maria Jose de la Torre-Lopez, Ramon Rubio-Domene. 2012. In Situ Noninvasive Raman Microspectroscopic Investigation of Polychrome Plasterworks in the Alhambra. In Analyst: 24. Accessed April 1, 2013. DOI:10.1039/C2AN36027F.
Dold-Samplonius, Yvonne and Silvia L. Harmsen. 2005. The Muqarnas Plate Found at Takht-I Sulayman: A New Interpretation. In Muqarnas Volume XXII: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Jeffrey, R. Brooks. 2003. From Azulejos to Zaguanes: The Islamic Legacy in the Built Environment of Hispano-America. In Journal of the Southwest, Vol. 45, No. 1/2, Architecture (Spring – Summer), pp. 289-327.
Notkin, I.I. 1995. Decoding Sixteenth-Century Muqarnas Drawings. In Muqarnas Volume XII: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Robinson, Cynthia. 2008. Marginal Ornament: Poetics, Mimesis, and Devotion in the Palace of the Lions. In Muqarnas Volume XXV: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Tabbaa, Yasser. 1985. The Muqarnas Dome: Its Origin and Meaning. In Muqarnas III: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. Oleg Grabar, ed. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
I will focus mainly on the aesthetic qualities and functions of one of the gardens at the Alhambra in Granada, Spain – the Court of the Lions. In addition, I would like to compare another Islamic garden of Granada to the one at the Alhambra, specifically the Court of la Acequia (Court of the Water Channel) that is a neighbor of the Alhambra in the Generalife palace.
Me centraré en las cualidades estéticas y funciones de uno de los jardines de la Alhambra en Granada, España – el Patio de los Leones. Además, me gustaría comparar otro jardín islámico de Granada a la de la Alhambra, el Tribunal de la Acequia (Tribunal de la Canal del Agua) que es un vecino de la Alhambra, en el palacio del Generalife.
Patio de los Leones (Court of the Lions), Alhambra
Patio de la Acequia (Court of the Water Channel), Palacio de Generalife
Sources/Citas de papel
Clark, Emma. The Art of the Islamic Garden. United Kingdom: Crowood Press, 2011.
Escobar, Pedro Salmeron. The Alhambra: Structure and Landscape. La General, 2000.
Lopez, Jesus Bermudez. “The City Plan of the Alhambra.” In Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain, edited by Jerrilynn D. Dodds, 153-61. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992.
Ruggles, D. Fairchild. Gardens, Landscape, and Vision in the Palaces of Islamic Spain. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000.
Ruggles, D. Fairchild. Islamic Gardens and Landscapes. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.
Ruggles, D. Fairchild. “The Gardens of the Alhambra and the Concept of the Garden in Islamic Spain.” In Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain, edited by Jerrilynn D. Dodds, 163-71. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992.